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Suicide Loss Research

Here we include a comprehensive list of suicide postvention research articles. The links in white will take you to the article (or sometimes the abstract). Others (without the white link) only may be available through an academic setting (library) or can be purchased online.


Adult/Older Adult Survivors

Barrett, T. W. (1990). The survivors: A comparison of bereavement experiences following the suicide, accidental, or natural death of a spouse. Dissertation Abstracts International, 50, 4210B. (UMI No. DA9003759)

Barrett, T. W., & Scott, T. B. (1990). Suicide bereavement and recovery patterns compared with nonsuicide bereavement patterns. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 20, 1-15.

Begley, M. & Quayle, E. (2007). The lived experience of adults bereaved by suicide. Crisis, 28, 26-34.

Berman, A. L. (1990). Case consultation: The Miltons. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 20, 364-366.

Calhoun, L. G., & Allen, B. G. (1992-93). The suicidal death of a child: Social perceptions of stepparents. Omega, 26, 301-307.

Calhoun, L. G., Selby, J. W., & Walton, P. B. (1985-86). Suicidal death of a spouse: The social perception of the survivor. Omega, 16, 283-288.

Cameron, E. C. (1991). Creative ritual: Bridge between mastery and meaning. Pastoral Psychology, 40, 3-13.

Cleiren, M., Grad, O., Zavasnik, A., & Diekstra, R. (1996). Psychosocial impact of bereavement after suicide and fatal traffic accident: a comparative two-country study. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 94, 37-44.

Conwell, Y. (1993). Survivors of late suicide: The family of man. Crisis, 14, 55-56.

Demi, A. S., & Miles, M. S. (1988). Suicide bereaved parents: Emotional distress and physical health problems. Death Studies, 12, 297-307.

Dispenza, C. (1993). Reintegration and renewed meaning and purpose in life of bereaved parents after the suicide death of a child. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 5002B. (UMI No. DA9302101).

Dyregrov, K., Nordanger, D., & Dyregrov, A. (2003). Predictors of psychosocial distress after suicide, SIDS and accidents. Death Studies, 27, 143-165.

Eddy, D. (1986, September-October). Case study 1: Completing Brad's dream. Family Therapy Networker, 10(5), 32-33.

Farberow, N. L., Gallagher, D. E., Gilewski, M. J., & Thompson, L. W. (1987). An examination of the early impact of bereavement on psychological distress in survivors of suicide. Gerontologist, 27, 592-598.

Farberow, N. L., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Gilewski, M., & Thompson, L. (1992). Changes in grief and mental health of bereaved spouses of older suicides. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 47, P357-P366.

Farberow, N., Gallagher-Thompson, D., Gilewski, M., & Thompson, L. (1992). The role of social supports in the bereavement process of surviving spouses of suicide and natural deaths. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 22, 107-124.

Freyne, A., & O’Connor, A. (1992). Post traumatic stress disorder symptoms in prisoners following a cell mate’s hanging. Irish Journal of Psychological Medicine, 9, 42-44.

Grad O. T., & Zavasnik A. (1996). Similarities and differences in the process of bereavement after suicide and after traffic fatalities in Slovenia. Omega, 33, 243-251.

Grad O. T., & Zavasnik A. (1999).  Phenomenology of bereavement process after suicide, traffic accident and terminal illness (in spouses). Archives of Suicide Research, 5, 157-172.

Hoffman, Y. (1987). Surviving a child's suicide. American Journal of Nursing, 87, 955-956.

Kavarsky, R.S. (1989). Loneliness and disturbed grief: A comparison of parents who lost a child to suicide or accidental death. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing 3, 86-96

Maple, M., Edwards, H., Plummer, D., & Minichello, V. (2009). Silenced voices: Hearing the stories of parents bereaved through the suicide death of a young adult child. Health and Social Care in the Community (Early View).  Retrieved from http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/119879055/issue

Maple, M., Plummer, D., Edwards, H. & Minichello, V. (2007). The effects of preparedness of a suicide following the death of a young adult child. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 37, 127-134.

McGee, P. D. (1994). Movements in bereavement: The bereavement experience of parents who lose a grown child through a suicide or non-suicide death. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 3331B. (UMI No. DANN82954).

McMenamy, J., Jordan, & J., Mitchell, A. (2008). What do suicide survivors tell us they need? Results of a pilot study. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior 38(4), 375-389.

Miles, M. S., & Demi, A. S. (1991-92). A comparison of guilt in bereaved parents whose children died by suicide, accident, or chronic disease. Omega, 24, 203-215.

Mitchell, A., Kim, Y., Prigerson, H. & Mortimer-Stephens, M.  (2004). Complicated grief in survivors of suicide. Crisis, 25, 12-18.

Mitchell, A., Kim, Y., Prigerson, H., & Mortimer-Stephens, M. (2005). Complicated grief and suicidal ideation in adult survivors of suicide. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 35, 498-506.

Murphy, S. (1996). Parent bereavement stress and preventive intervention following the violent deaths of adolescent or young adult children. Death Studies, 20, 441-452.

Murphy, S., Das Gupta, A., Cain, K., Johnson, L., Lohan, J.,Wu, L. & Mekwa, J. (1999). Changes in parents’ mental distress after the violent death of an adolescent or young adult child: A longitudinal prospective analysis. Death Studies, 23, 129-159.

Otis, F. G. (1993). A comparison of the grief experience of women widowed by suicide and women widowed by natural death. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 2252A-2253A. (UMI No. DA9234742)

Séguin, M., Lesage, M., & Kiely, C. (1995). Parental bereavement after suicide and accident: A comparative study. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 25, 489-498.

Valeriote, S., & Fine, M. (1987). Bereavement following the death of a child: Implications for family therapy. Contemporary Family Therapy, 9, 202-217.

Van Dongen, C. J. (1990). Agonizing questioning: Experiences of survivors of suicide victims. Nursing Research, 39, 224-229.

Vandercreek, L., & Mottram, K. (2009). The religious life during suicide bereavement: A description. Death Studies, 33, 741-761. 

Young Adult and College Student Survivors

Bailley, S. E., & Kral, M. J. (1999). Survivors of suicide do grieve differently: Empirical support for a common sense proposition. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 29, 256.

McIntosh, J. L., & Kelly, L. D. (1992). Survivors’ reactions: Suicide vs. other causes. Crisis, 13, 82-93.

Range, L. M., & Calhoun, L. G. (1990). Responses following suicide and other types of death: The perspective of the bereaved. Omega, 21, 311-320.

Range, L. M., & Niss, N. M. (1990). Long-term bereavement from suicide, homicide, accidents, and natural deaths. Death Studies, 14, 423-433.

Silverman, E., Range, L., & Overholser, J. (1994-95). Bereavement from suicide as compared to other forms of bereavement. Omega, 30, 41-51

Thompson, K. E. (1990). Bereavement following suicide and other types of death: Why support attempts fail. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 1515-B. (UMI No. DA9020858).

Thompson, K. E., & Range, L. M. (1992-93). Bereavement following suicide and other deaths: Why support attempts fail. Omega, 26, 61-70.

Wagner, K. G., & Calhoun, L. G. (1991-92). Perceptions of social support by suicide survivors and their social networks. Omega, 24, 61-73.

Walcott, A. M. (1993). Social support of the grieving process for survivors of suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 4387B. (UMI No. DA9235784).

Wong, P. W. C., Chan, W. S. C. & Beh, P. S. L. (2007). What can we do to help and understand             survivors of suicide in Hong Kong. Crisis, 28, 183-189.

Mixed (Adults, Young Adults, Children, etc.)

Calhoun, L. G., Abernathy, C. B., & Selby, J. W. (1986). The rules of bereavement: Are suicidal deaths different? Journal of Community Psychology, 14, 213-218.

Cleiren, M., Diekstra, R., Kerkhof, A. & van der Wal, J. (1994). Mode of death and kinship in bereavement: Focusing on “who” rather than “how.” Crisis, 15, 22-36.

Hawton, K., & Simkin, S. (2003). Helping people bereaved by suicide. British Medical Journal, 327, 177-178.

Hiegel, S. M., & Hipple, J. (1990). Survivors of suicide: Victims left behind: An overview. TACD Journal, 18, 55-67.

McIntosh, J. L., & Wrobleski, A. (1988). Grief reactions among suicide survivors: An exploratory comparison of relationships. Death Studies, 12, 21-39.

Tall, K., Kolves, K., Sisask, M., & Varnik, A. (2008). Do survivors respond differently when alcohol abuse complicates suicide? Findings from the psychological autopsy study in Estonia. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 95, 129-133.

School Postvention (post-secondary education included)/Child and Adolescent Suicides and Survivors

Alexander, J. A., & Harman, R. L. (1988). One counselor's intervention in the aftermath of a middle school student's suicide: A case study. Journal of Counseling and Development, 66, 283-285.

Avrami, S. (2005). ‘I wish he had died in the war’. Suicide survivors: The Israeli case. Omega, 51, 65-75.

Bensley, L. B., & Bertsch, D. P. (1987, September). Confronting grief. School Administrator, 44(8), 17-19.

Berman, A. L. (1990). Case consultation: Suicide postvention. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 20, 187-188.

Brent, D. A. (1994). Resolved: Several weeks of depressive symptoms after exposure to a friend’s suicide is “major depressive disorder”: Affirmative. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 582-584.

Brent, D., Melhem, N., Donohoe, M. & Walker, M. (2009). The incidence and course of depression in bereaved youth 21 months after the loss of a parent to suicide, accident, or sudden natural death. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 786-794

Brent, D., Moritz, G., Bridge, J., Perper, J., & Canobbio, R. (1996). The impact of adolescent suicide on siblings and parents: A longitudinal follow-up. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 26, 253-259.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Allman, C., Friend, A., Schweers, J., & ... Harrington, K. (1992). Psychiatric effects of exposure to suicide among the friends and acquaintances of adolescent suicide victims. Journal of the American Academy of Child And Adolescent Psychiatry, 31(4), 629-639.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Allman, C., Liotus, L., Schweers, J., Roth, C., & … Canobbio, R. (1993). Bereavement or depression? The impact of the loss of a friend to suicide. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 1189-1197.

Brent, D., Perper, J. A., Moritz, G., Allman, C., Schweers, J., Roth, C., & … Liotus, L. (1993). Psychiatric sequelae to the loss of an adolescent peer to suicide. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 509-517.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Friend, A., Schweers, J., Allman, C., & … Balach, L. (1993). Adolescent witnesses to a peer suicide. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 32, 1184-1188.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Liotus, L., Schweers, J., & Canobbio, R. (1994). Major depression or uncomplicated bereavement? A follow-up of youth exposed to suicide. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 231 -239.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Liotus, L., Schweers, J., Roth, C., & … Allman, C. (1993). Psychiatric impact of the loss of an adolescent sibling to suicide. Journal of Affective Disorders, 28, 249-256.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Liotus, L., Richardson, D., Canobbio, R., & … Roth, C. (1995). Posttraumatic stress disorder in peers of adolescent suicide victims: Predisposing factors and phenomenology. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 209-215.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Liotus, L., Schweers, J., & Canobbio, R. (1994). Major depression or uncomplicated bereavement? A follow-up of youth exposed to suicide. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 231-239.

Brent, D., Perper, J., Moritz, G., Liotus, L., Schweers, J., Roth, C., & … Allman, C. (1993). Psychiatric impact of the loss of an adolescent sibling to suicide. Journal of Affective Disorders, 28, 249-256.

Brown, A., Sandler, I., Tein, J., Liu, X., & Maine, R. (2007). Implications of parental suicide and violent death for promotion of resilience of parentally bereaved children. Death Studies, 31, 301-335.

Butler, R. R., & Statz, M. A. (1986, Winter). Preparation for when prevention doesn't work: Responding to a suicide. NASPA Journal, 23, 15-21.

Cain, A. C. (2002). Children of suicide: The telling and the knowing. Psychiatry, 65(20), 124-136.

Cain, A. C. (2006). Parent suicide: Pathways of effects into the third generation. Psychiatry, 69(3), 204-227.

Callahan, J. (1996).  Negative effects of a school suicide postvention program – A case example. Crisis, 17, 108-115.

Carter, B., & Brooks, A. (1990). Suicide postvention: Crisis or opportunity? School Counselor, 37, 378-390.

Catone, W. V., & Schatz, M. T. (1991). The crisis moment: A school’s response to the event of suicide. School Psychology International, 12, 17-23.

Cerel, J. (1999). Suicide-bereaved children and adolescents: A controlled longitudinal examination. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 672-679.

Cerel, J., Fristad, M., Weller, E., & Weller, R. (1999).  Suicide-bereaved children and adolescents: A controlled longitudinal examination. Journal of American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 672-679.

Cerel, J., Fristad, M., Weller, E., & Weller, R. (2000). Suicide-bereaved children and adolescents II: Parental and family functioning. Journal of   American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 39, 437-444.

Christiansen, E., Goldnery, R., Beautrais, A., & Agerbo, E. (2011). Youth suicide attempts and the dose-response relationship to parental risk factors: a population-based study. Psychological Medicine, 41, 313-319.

Dalke, D. (1994). Therapy-assisted growth after parental suicide: From a personal and professional perspective. Omega, 29, 113-151.

Dane, B. O. (1991). Counseling bereaved middle aged children: Parental suicide survivors. Clinical Social Work Journal, 19, 35-48.

Demi, A. S., & Howell, C. (1991). Hiding and healing: Resolving the suicide of a parent or sibling. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 5, 350-356.

Dunne-Maxim, K., Godin, S., Lamb, F., Sutton, C., & Underwood, M. (1992). The aftermath of youth suicide—Providing postvention services for the school and community. Crisis, 13, 16-22.

Dyregrov, K. (2009). The important role of the school following suicide. New research about the help and support wishes of the young bereaved. Omega, 59, 147-161.

Feigelman, W., & Gorman, B. S. (2008). Assessing the effects of peer suicide on youth suicide. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 38, 181-194.

Goldney, R. D. & Berman, L. (1996). Postvention in schools: Affective or effective? Crisis, 17, 98-99.

Graves, J. S. (1978). Adolescents and their psychiatrist’s suicide: A study of shared grief and mourning. Journal of the American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 17, 521-532.

Grossman, J. A. (1992). Bereavement in prepubertal children post paternal suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 1607B-1608B. (UMI No. DA9211063)

Grossman, J., Hirsch, J., Goldenberg, D., Libby, S., Fendrich, M., Mackesy-Amiti, M., & … Chance, G. (1995). Strategies for school-based response to loss: Proactive training and postvention consultation. Crisis, 16, 18-26.

Hazell, P. (1991). Postvention after teenage suicide: An Australian experience. Journal of Adolescence, 14, 335-342.

Hazell, P., & Lewin, T. (1993). An evaluation of postvention following adolescent suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 23, 101-109.

Hung, N. C., & Rabin, L. A. (2009). Comprehending childhood bereavement by parental suicide: A critical review of research on outcomes, grief processes, and interventions. Death Studies, 33, 781-814.

Hunt, C. (1987, February). Step by step: How your schools can live through the tragedy of teen suicides. American School Board Journal, 174(2), 34, 37.

Jakab, I., & Howard, M. (1969). Art therapy with a 12-year-old girl who witnessed suicide and developed school phobia. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 17, 309-324.

Jakobsen, I., & Christiansen, E. (2011). Young people's risk of suicide attempts in relation to parental death: a population based register study. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 52, 176-183.

Kalter, N., Lohnes, K. & Chasin, J. (2002-2003). The adjustment of parentally bereaved children: I. Factors associated with short-term adjustment. Omega, 46, 15-34.

Kaltreider, N. B. (1990). The impact of a medical student's suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 20, 195-205.

Klimoff-Dishler, S. J. (1991). The meaning of suicide: Adolescents react to the suicide of a peer of casual acquaintance. Dissertation Abstracts International, 52, 2302B. (UMI No. DA9125941).

Klingman, A. (1989). School-based emergency intervention following an adolescent’s suicide. Death Studies, 13, 263-274.

Kneisel, P. J., & Richards, G. P. (1988). Crisis intervention after the suicide of a teacher. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 19, 165-169.

Kuramoto, S., Brent, D., & Wilcox, H. (2009). The impact of parental suicide on child and adolescent offspring. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 39, 137-151.

Kuramoto, S. J., Stuart, E. A., Runeson, B., Lichtenstein, P., Langstrom, N., & Wilcox, H. C. (2010). Maternal versus paternal suicide and offspring risk of hospitalization for psychiatric disorders and suicide attempt. Pediatrics, 126(5), e1026-e1032.

McQuinn, J., & O'Reilly, R. (1989, February). Adolescent suicides and high schools: Recommendations for administrators. NASSP Bulletin, 73(514), 92-97.

Melhem, N., Moritz, G., Walker, M., Shear, M., & Brent, D. (2007). Phenomenology and correlates of complicated grief in children and adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46, 493-499.

Mitchell, A. M., Wesner, S., Brownson, L., Dysart-Gale, D., Garand, L., & Havill, A. (2006). Effective communication with bereaved child survivors of suicide. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 19, 130-136.

Moore, C. M. (1989) Teaching about loss and death to junior high school students. Family Relations, 38, 3-7.

Mullarky, K., & Pfeffer, C. R. (1992). Psychiatric treatment of a child suicide survivor. Crisis, 13, 70-75.

Ojanlatva, A., Hammer, A., & Mohr, M. (1987). The ultimate rejection: Helping the survivors of teen suicide victims. Journal of School Health, 57, 181-182.

Pallikkathayil, L., & Flood, M. (1991). Adolescent suicide: Prevention, intervention, and postvention. Nursing Clinics of North America, 26, 623-634.

Parsons, R. D. (1987, November/December). Postvention: Surviving adolescent suicide. New Catholic World, 230(1380), 259-263.

Payton, J., & Krocker-Tuskan, M. (1988). Children’s reactions to loss of parent through violence. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 27, 563-566.

Pelej, J. P. (1987, April). Help your school survive a suicide. Executive Educator, 9(4), 26, 31.

Pfeffer, C. R., Karus, D., Siegel, K., & Jiang, H. (2000). Child survivors of parental death from cancer or suicide: Depressive and behavioral outcomes. Psycho-Oncology, 9, 1-10.

Pfeffer, C., Martins, P., Mann, J., Sunkenberg, M., Ice, A., Damore, J., & … Jiang, H. (1997). Child survivors of suicide: Psychosocial characteristics. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, 65-74.

Ponce, D. E., & Smith, J. P. (1989). Adolescent suicide in a residential treatment center: A clinical and administrative post-mortem. Residential Treatment for Children and Youth, 7, 45-59.

Rakic, A. S. (1993). Sibling survivors of adolescent. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 4966B. (UMI No. DA9303631)

Rappaport, J. (1994). Sibling suicide: Its effect on the wish for a child and on the maternal transference/countertransference interaction. Journal of Clinical Psychoanalysis, 3, 241-258.

Ratnarajah, D., & Schofield, M. (2007). Parental suicide and its aftermath: A review. Journal of Family Studies, 13, 78-93.

Ratnarajah, D., & Schofield, M. (2008). Survivors’ narratives of the impact of parental suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 28, 618-630.

Roberts, W. B., Jr. (1995). Postvention and psychological autopsy in the suicide of a 14-year-old public school student. The School Counselor, 42, 322-330.

Rossé, J. F., Sr. (1994). How do schools respond to a death: A survey of current practices. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 3383A. (UMI No. DA9403842).

Schuurman, D. L. (1991). The impact of parent suicide on children. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 5642-B. (UMI No. DA 9110757).

Sethi, S., & Bhargava, S. (2003). Child and adolescent survivors of suicide. Crisis, 24, 4-6.

Shepherd, D.M., & Barraclough, B.M. (1976). The aftermath of parental suicide for children. British Journal of Psychiatry. 129, 267-276.

Siehl, P. M. (1990). Suicide postvention: A new disaster plan—What schools should do when faced with a suicide. School Counselor, 38, 52-57.

Silverman, P. R., & Worden, J. W. (1992). Children's reactions in the early months after the death of a parent. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 62, 93-104.

Sorensen, H., Mortensen, E., Wang, A., Juel, K., Silverton, L., & Mednick, S. (2009). Suicide and mental illness in parents and risk of suicide in offspring: a birth cohort study. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 44, 748-751.

Trachta, A. M. (1988). Postvention: Helping students deal with death. Psychiatric Hospital, 19, 165-168.

Trickey, D. (2005). Young people bereaved by suicide: What hinders and what helps. Bereavement Care, 24, 11-14

Twiname, B. G., & Creed, V. M. (1990). Techniques for surviving a student's suicide. Journal of Nursing Education, 29, 418-419.

Valente, S. M., & Saunders, J. M. (1993). Adolescent grief after suicide. Crisis, 14, 16-22, 46.

Valente, S., Saunders, J., & Street, R. (1988). Adolescent bereavement following suicide: An examination of relevant literature. Journal of Counseling and Development, 67, 174-177.

Wass, H., Miller, M., & Thornton, G. (1990). Death education and grief/suicide intervention in the public schools. Death Studies, 14, 253-268.

Wilcox, H., Kuramoto, S., Lichtenstein, P., Langstrom, N., Brent, D., & Runeson, B. (2010). Psychiatric morbidity, violent crime, and suicide among children exposed to parental death. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 49, 514-523.

Zinner, E. S. (1987). Responding to suicide in schools: A case study in loss intervention and group survivorship. Journal of Counseling and Development, 65, 499-501.

Therapists, Co-workers, and Colleagues as Survivors/Occupations

Andriessen, K., & Defauw, N. (2005). Het overkomt ons niet: De suïcide van een cliënt [It won’t happen to us: suicide of a client]. PsychoPraxis, 7(3), 90-94.

Ballenger, J. C. (1978). Patients’ reactions to the suicide of their psychiatrist. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 166, 859-867.

Bartels, S. J. (1987). The aftermath of suicide on the psychiatric inpatient unit. General Hospital Psychiatry, 9, 189-197.

Birdsong, E. A., Jr. (1994). The psychologist’s experience of client suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 6454B. (UMI No. DA9415506).

Brown, H. (1987). Patient suicide during residency training (I): Incidence, implications, and program response. Journal of Psychiatric Education, 11, 201-216.

Brown, H. N. (1987). The impact of suicide on therapists in training. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 28, 101-113.

Buelow, G. (1994). A suicide in group: A case of functional realignment. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 44, 153-168.

Bultema, J. K. (1994). The healing process for the multidisciplinary team: Recovering post-inpatient suicide. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 32(2), 19-24.

Calhoun, L. G., Selby, J. W., & Steelman, J. K. (1988-89). A collation of funeral directors' impressions of suicidal death. Omega, 19, 365-373.

Chemtob, C. M., Bauer, G. B., Hamada, R. S., Pelowski, S. R., & Muraoka, M. Y. (1989). Patient suicide: Occupational hazard for psychologists and psychiatrists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 20, 294-300.

Chemtob, C., Hamada, R., Bauer, G., Kinney, B., & Torigoe, R. (1988). Patients' suicides: Frequency and impact on psychiatrists. American Journal of Psychiatry, 145, 224-228.

Chemtob, C., Hamada, R., Bauer, G., Torigoe, R., & Kinney, B. (1988). Patient suicide: Frequency and impact on psychologists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 19, 416-420.

Cooper, C. (1995). Patient suicide and assault: Their impact on psychiatric hospital staff. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 33(6), 26-29.

Davis, J., Bates, C., & Velasquez, R. (1990). Faculty suicide: Guidelines for effective coping with a suicide in a counselor-training program. Counselor Education Supervision, 29, 197-204.

Davis, M. M. (1990). Coping with a coworker's suicide [Editorial]. Personnel Journal, 69(6), 40, 43, 45, 47.

Dyregrov, K. (2009). How do the young suicide survivors wish to be met by psychologists? A user study. Omega, 59, 221-238

Feldman, D. (1987). A social work student's reaction to client suicide. Social Casework, 68, 184-187.

Flarity, K. L. (1993). The clergy and the suicide-bereaved: A phenomenological analysis of twenty case interviews. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 2198B. (UMI No. DA9318367).

Gorkin, M. (1985). On the suicide of one’s patient. Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 49, 1-9.

Grad, O., Zavasnik, A., & Groleger, U. (1997). Suicide of a patient: Gender differences in bereavement reactions of therapists. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 27, 379.

Hilliard, I. A., & Ray, G. J. (1985). When a student's client commits suicide. Nursing and Health Care, 6, 498-501.

Hodgkinson, P. E. (1987). Responding to inpatient suicide. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 60, 387-392.

Horn, P. J. (1994). Therapists’ psychological adaptation to client suicide. Psychotherapy, 31, 190-195.

Jordan, J. (2009). After suicide: Clinical work with survivors. Grief Matters: The Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement, 12(1), 4-9.

Jostad, J. (1987). Some experience in psychotherapy with suicidal patients. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 76(36, Supplement), 76-81.

Kaye, N. S., & Soreff, S. M. (1991). The psychiatrist's role, responses, and responsibilities when a patient commits suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 739-743.

Kleespies, P. M., Smith, M. R., & Becker, B. R. (1990). Psychology interns as patient suicide survivors: Incidence, impact, and recovery. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 21, 257-263.

Kleespies, P. M., Van Orden, K. A., Bongar, B., Bridgeman, D., Bufka, L. F., Galper, D. I., & ... Yufit, R. I. (2011). Psychologist suicide: Incidence, impact, and suggestions for prevention, intervention, and postvention. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42, 244-251. doi:10.1037/a0022805

Krysinski, P. R. (1993). Coping with suicide: Beyond the five-day bereavement leave policy. Death Studies, 17, 173-177.

Landeen, J. J. (1987-88). Patient suicide: Its impact on the therapeutic milieu of a psychiatric unit. Perspectives in Psychiatric Care, 24, 74-78.

Lapidus, J. G. (1991). Therapists' experiences of a patient's death by suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 4056B. (UMI No. DA9100910).

Lapp, G. E. (1986). Therapists' response to client suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 47, 2622B. (UMI No. DA8621174).

Little, J. D. (1992). Staff response to inpatient and outpatient suicide: What happened and what do we do? Australia & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 26, 162-167.

Maher, M. J. (1991). Counselor preparation and client suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 2985-A. (UMI No. DA 9103238).

Malikow, M. (1992). The preparedness of evangelical pastors for the provision of suicide postvention. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 1185A. (UMI No. DA9223710).

Marantz, S. P. (1990). Clinical social workers' reactions to the suicide of their patients: A descriptive analysis of change in practice styles in the aftermath of suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 1004A. (UMI No. DA9023053).

Markowitz, J. C. (1990). Attending the funeral of a patient who commits suicide [Letter]. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 122-123.

Mericle, B. P. (1993, September). When a colleague commits suicide [Interview with C. Clair-Gajewski]. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 31(9), 11-13.

Modestin, J., & Wurmle, O. (1989). Role of modeling in in-patient suicide: A lack of supporting evidence. British Journal of Psychiatry, 155, 511-514.

O’Brien, J. M. (2011). Wounded healer: Psychotherapist grief over a client’s death. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42, 236-243.

O'Reilly, R., Truant, G., & Donaldson, L. (1990). Psychiatrists' experience of suicide in their patients. Psychiatric Journal of the University of Ottawa, 15, 173-176.

Rubovits, J. S. (1994). Therapists’ reactions to client suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 4405B. (UMI No. DA9401810).

Sacks, M., Kibel, H., Cohen, A., Keats, M., & Turnquist, K. (1987). Resident response to patient suicide. Journal of Psychiatric Education, 11, 217-226.

Simon, W. (1986). Suicide among physicians: Prevention and postvention. Crisis, 7, 1-13.

Skodlar, B., & Welz, C. (2011). How a therapist survivors the suicide of a patient — with a special focus on patients with psychosis. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences. Advance online publication http://www.springerlink.com/content/u5pxn2w785l32r06/ doi: 10.1007/s11097-011-9205-3

Stern, E. M. (1985, Fall). Three instances of the emergence of grief. Psychotherapy Patient, 2(1), 3-14.

Takahasi, C., Chida, F., Nakamura, H., Akasaka, H., Yagi, J., Koeda, A., & … Sakai, A. (2011). The impact of inpatient suicide on psychiatric nurses and their need for support. BMC Psychiatry, 11:38. Advance online publication http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/11/38 doi: 10.1186/1471-244X-11-38 [8 pages]

Thompson, J., & Brooks, S. (1990, October). When a colleague commits suicide: How the staff reacts. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services, 28(10), 6-11.

Valente, S. M. (1994). Psychotherapist reactions to the suicide of a patient. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 64, 614-621.

Veilleux, J. C. (2011). Coping with client death: Using a case study to discuss the effects of accidental, undetermined, and suicidal deaths on therapists. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42, 222-228.

Vogel, R., & Wolfersdorf, M. (1987). Staff response to the suicide of psychiatric patients. Crisis, 8, 178-184.

Webb, K. B. (2011). Care of others and self: A suicidal patient’s impact on the psychologist. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42, 215-221.

Wells, M. L. (1992). Psychotherapists’ perceptions of client suicide: A phenomenological investigation. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 1112B. (UMI No. DA9220589).

Wert, L. E. (1989). The experience of the therapist when a patient commits suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 50, 1128-B. (UMI No. DA 8911770).

Young, J. J., Ursano, R. J., Bally, R. E., & McNeil, D. S. (1989). Consultation to a clinic following suicide. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 59, 473-476.

Family/Cultural/Social reactions to Survivors or Suicide

Allen, B., Calhoun, L., Cann, A., & Tedeschi, R. (1993-94). The effect of cause of death on responses to the bereaved: Suicide compared to accident and natural causes. Omega, 28, 39-48.   

Andriessen, K. (2005). A media award for responsible portrayal of suicide and survivors. Pogled–The View, Acta Suicidologica Slovenica, 3(1-2), 66-70.

Andriolo, K. (1990) Gender and the cultural construction of good and bad suicides. Suicide and Life Treatening Behavior, 28, 37-39.

Barraclough, B. M., & Shepherd, D. M. (1977).  The immediate and enduring effects of the inquest on relatives of suicide. British Journal of Psychology, 131, 400-404

Bengesser, G. (1988). Postvention for bereaved family members: Some therapeutic possibilities. Crisis, 9, 45-48.

Biddle, L. (2003). Public hazards or private tragedies? An exploratory study of the effect of coroners’ procedures on those bereaved by suicide. Social Science and Medicine, 56, 1033-1045.

Brownstein, M. (1992). Contacting the family after a suicide. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 37, 208-212.

Bryson, J. A. (1988). Family reorganization after suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 49, 908B. (UMI No. DA8806173).

Calhoun, L. G., & Allen, B. G. (1991). Social reactions to the survivor of a suicide in the family: A review of the literature. Omega, 23, 95-107.

Calhoun, L. G., & Selby, J. W. (1985, Spring). Social responses to bereaved persons: An examination of social rules. NRIC Research Record, 2(2), 51-67.

Cerel, J., Jordan, J. & Duberstein, P. (2008). The impact of suicide on the family. Crisis, 29, 38-44.

Cerel, J., & Roberts, T. (2005). Suicidal behavior in the family and adolescent risk behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, 36, 352.e8-352.e14.  Available http://www.jahonline.org/article/S1054-139X(04)00436-7/abstract

Clark, A. M. (1994). The impact of suicide on the family as a social group. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 4269A. (UMI No. DA9409403).

Dunn, R., & Morrish-Vidners, D. (1987-88). The psychological and social experience of suicide survivors. Omega, 18, 175-215.

Dyregrov, K. (2006). Experiences of social networks supporting traumatically bereaved. Omega, 52, 337-356.

Dyregrov, K. (2008). Painful, difficult and incredibly rewarding: New research delves into the support process between social networks and parents who suffer the traumatic death of a child. Surviving Suicide, 20(3), 7-8.

Dyregrov, K. (2011). What do we know about needs for help after suicide in different parts of the world? – A phenomenological perspective. Crisis, 1-9.  Advance online publication doi: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000098 [9 pages]

Dyregrov, K., & Dyregrov, A. (2005). Siblings after suicide – ”the forgotten bereaved”. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 35, 714-724.

Feigelman, W. (2008, October). The stigma of suicide and how it affects survivors’ healing. International Association for Suicide Prevention Postvention Taskforce Newsletter, 2(5).  Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/stigmashorterversion.pdf

Fraser, M. (1994). What about us? The legacy of suicide. Rural Society, 4(3/4), 7-10.

Ginn, P. D., Range, L. M., & Hailey, B. J. (1988). Community attitudes toward childhood suicide and attempted suicide. Journal of Community Psychology, 16, 144-151.

Goggin, W. C., & Range, L. M. (1985). The disadvantages of hindsight in the perception of suicide. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 3, 232-237.

Goldney, R. D., Spence, N. D., & Moffitt, P. F. (1986). The aftermath of suicide: A comparison of attitudes of those bereaved by suicide, social workers and a community sample. Crisis, 7, 38-43.

Goldney, R. D., Spence, N. D., & Moffitt, P. F. (1987). The aftermath of suicide: Attitudes of those bereaved by suicide, of social workers, and of a community sample. Journal of Community Psychology, 15, 141-148.

Gordon, R. S., Range, L. M., & Edwards, R. P. (1987). Generational differences in reactions to adolescent suicide. Journal of Community Psychology, 15, 268-274.

Grad, O., Clark, S., Dyregrow, K. & Andriessen, K. (2004). What helps and what hinders the process of surviving suicide of somebody close?  Crisis, 25, 134-139.

Holland Barnes, D. (2006). The aftermath of suicide among African Americans. Journal of Black Psychology, 32, 335-349.

Kissane, D., & Bloch, S. (1994). Family grief. British Journal of Psychiatry, 164, 728-740.

Kovarsky, R. S. (1989). Loneliness and disturbed grief: A comparison of parents who lost a child to suicide or accidental death. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 3, 86-96.

Lester, D. (1991). Attitudes toward the survivors of suicide as a function of the motive for suicide. Omega, 22, 215-218.

Lindqvist, P., Johansson, L., & Karlsson, U. (2009). In the aftermath of teenage suicide: A qualitative study of the psychosocial consequences of the surviving family members. BMC Psychiatry, 8:26. Retrieved from http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-244X/8/26

Lohan, J. A., & Murphy, S. A. (2002). Family functioning and family typology after an adolescent or young adults’ sudden violent death. Journal of Family Nursing, 8, 32-49.

McNiel, D., Hatcher, C., & Reubin, R. (1988). Family survivors of suicide and accidental death: Consequences for widows. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 18, 137-148.

Michel, K., Frey, C., Wyss, K., & Valach, L. (2000). An exercise in improving suicide reporting in print media. Crisis, 21, 71-79.

Nelson, B. J. (1994). A comparison of family interactions of suicide survivors and survivors of non-suicidal deaths. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 5399B. (UMI No. DA9404842).

Ogata, K., Ishikawa, T., Michiue, T., Nishi, Y., & Maeda, H. (2011). Posttraumatic symptoms in Japanese bereaved family members with special regard to suicide and homicide cases. Death Studies, 35, 525-535.

Prigatano, M. J. (1989) Attributions of suicide: Immediate family members' explanations of responsibility and cause. Dissertation Abstracts International, 50, 1119-B. (UMI No. DA 8914974).

Range, L. M., & Goggin, W. C. (1990). Reactions to suicide: Does age of the victim make a difference. Death Studies, 14, 269-275.

Range, L. M., & Kastner, J. W. (1988). Community reactions to attempted and completed child suicide. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 18, 1085-1093.

Range, L. M., & Martin, S. K. (1990). How knowledge of extenuating circumstances influences community reactions toward suicide victims and their bereaved families. Omega, 21, 191-198.

Range, L. M., & Thompson, K. E. (1987). Community responses following suicide, homicide, and other deaths: The perspective of potential comforters. Journal of Psychology, 121, 193-198.

Range, L. M., Walston, A. S., & Pollard, P. M. (1992). Helpful and unhelpful comments after suicide, homicide, accident, or natural death. Omega, 25, 25-31.

Reed, M. D. (1993). Sudden death and bereavement outcomes: The impact of resources on grief symptomatology and detachment. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 23, 204-220.

Reed, M. D., & Greenwald, J. Y. (1991). Survivor-status, attachment, and sudden death bereavement. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 21, 385-401.

Reynolds, F., & Cimbolic, P. (1988-89). Attitudes toward suicide survivors as a function of survivors' relationship to the victim. Omega, 19, 125-133.

Rudestam, K., & Agnelli, P. (1987). The effect of the content of suicide notes on grief reactions. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 43, 211-218.

Rudestam, K., & Imbroll, D. (1983). Societal reactions to a child’s death by suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 51, 461-462.

Runeson, B., & Beskow, J. (1991). Reactions of survivors of suicide victims to interviews. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 83, 169-173.

Schneider, B., Grebner, K., Schnabel, A., & Georgi, K. (2011). Is the emotional response of survivors dependent on the consequences of the suicide and the support received?. Crisis.  Advance online publication doi:10.1027/0227-5910/a000081  [8 pages]

Thompson, K. E., & Range, L. M. (1990-91). Recent bereavement from suicide and other deaths: Can people imagine it as it really is? Omega, 22, 249-259.

Thornton, G., Whittemore, K., & Robertson, D. (1989). Evaluation of people bereaved by suicide. Death Studies, 13, 119-126.

Tyler, M. G. (1990). Social perceptions of survivor families: A study of community reaction toward survivors of suicidal, homicidal, and natural deaths. Dissertation Abstracts International, 50, 2438A. (UMI No. DA 9000942).

Van Dongen, C. J. (1991). Experiences of family members after a suicide. Journal of Family Practice, 33, 375-380.

Van Dongen, C. J. (1993). Social context of postsuicide bereavement. Death Studies, 17, 125-141.

Vigna, J. R. (1993). Societal beliefs about the feelings of survivors of suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 54, 1688B. (UMI No. DA9319453).

Survivor Groups/Interventions   

Andriessen, K. (2004). How to increase support for suicide survivors? The experience of the national strategy for suicide survivors in Flanders, Belgium. Norwegian Journal of Suicidology, 9(2), 28-30.  Retrieved from www.iasp.info/pdf/postvention/andriessen_how_to_increase_survivor_support.pdf

Andriessen, K. (2004). Suicide survivor activities, an international perspective. Suicidologi, 9(2), 26-31

Andriessen, K. (2008). Comment améliorer le soutien aux endeuillés après suicide? Expériences issues du programme national pour les endeuillés après suicide en Flandres-Belges [How to increase suicide survivor support? Experiences from the national suicide survivor program in Flanders, Belgium]. Perspectives Psy, 47, 384-389.

Andriessen, K. (2009). Can postvention be prevention? Crisis, 30, 43-47.

Åsgård, U., & Carlsson-Bergstrom, M. (1991). Interviews with survivors of suicides: Procedures and follow-up of interview subjects. Crisis, 12, 21-33.

Barrett, T. W., Scott, T. B. (1989). Development of the Grief Experience Questionnaire. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 19, 201-215

Bengesser, G., & Sokoloff, S. (1989). After suicide-postvention. European Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 116-118.

Bernhardt, G. R., & Praeger, S. G.  (1985). Survivors of suicide: A community in need. Family and Community Health, 8, 62-72.

Braiden, H. J., Mc Cann, M., Barry, H. & Lindsay, C. (2009). Piloting a therapeutic residential for children, young people and families bereaved through suicide in Northern Ireland. Child Care in Practice, 15, 81-93.

Callahan, J. (2000). Predictors and correlates of bereavement in suicide support group participants. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 30, 104-124.

Clark, S. (2001). Bereavement after suicide – How far have we come and where do we go from here? Crisis, 22, 102-108.

Campbell, F. R., Cataldie L., McIntosh, J., & Millet, K. (2004). An active postvention program. Crisis, 25, 30-32.

Cerel, J., & Campbell, F. (2008). Suicide survivors seeking mental health services: A preliminary examination of the role of an active postvention model. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 38, 30-34.

Cerel, J., Padgett, J., & Reed, J. (2009). Support groups for suicide survivors: Results of a survey of group leaders. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 39, 588-598.

Cerel, J., Padgett, J, Conwell, Y., & Reed, G. (2009). A call for research: The need to better understand the impact of support groups for suicide survivors. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 39, 269-281.

Clark, S. E., & Goldney, R. D. (1995). Grief reactions and recovery in a support group for people bereaved by suicide. Crisis, 16, 27-33.

Clark, S., Jones, H., Quinn, K., Goldney, R. & Cooling, P. (1993). A support group for people bereaved through suicide. Crisis, 14, 161-167.

Constantino, R.E., Sekula, L.K., & Rubinstein, E.N. (2001) Group intervention for widowed survivors of suicide. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31, 428-432.

De Fauw, N. & Andriessen, K. (2003). Networking to support suicide survivors. Crisis, 24, 29-31

Dodson, M. G. (1984). Postvention: A model for intervening in the grief of suicide survivor-victims. Dissertation Abstracts International, 44, 2552B. (UMI No. DA8328549).

Dunne, E. J. (1992). Psychoeducational intervention strategies for survivors of suicide. Crisis, 13, 35-40.

Dyregrov, K. (2002). Assistance from local authorities versus survivors’ needs for support after suicide. Death studies, 26, 647-669.

Dyregrov, K. (2003-2004). Micro-sociological analysis of social support following traumatic bereavement: Unhelpful and avoidant responses from the community. Omega, 48, 23-44.

Dyregrov, K. (2004). Strategies of professional assistance after traumatic deaths. Empowerment or disempowerment? Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 45, 179-187.

Dyregrov, K. (2005). Do professionals disempower bereaved people? Grief and psychosocial intervention. Bereavement Care, 24, 7-10.

Farberow, N. L. (1992). The Los Angeles Survivors-After-Suicide Program: An evaluation. Crisis, 13, 23-34.

Feigelman, B., & Feigelman, W. (2008). Surviving after suicide loss: The healing potential of suicide survivor support groups. Illness, Crisis & Loss, 16, 285-304.  Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/survivingafter.pdf

Feigelman, B., & Feigelman, W. (2009, Fall). Japanese survivor support groups: A newly emerging phenomenon.  Surviving Suicide. Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/japansurvivorconference.pdf

Feigelman, B., & Feigelman, W. (2011). Suicide survivor support groups: Comings and goings, Part I. Illness, Crisis, & Loss, 19, 57-71. Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/comingsgoingspart1.pdf

Feigelman, B., & Feigelman, W. (2011). Suicide survivor support groups: Comings and goings, Part II. Illness, Crisis & Loss, 19, 165-185. Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/comingsgoingspart2.pdf

Feigelman, W. (2007, November).  Internet support groups for survivors of suicide. Surviving Suicide. Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/ispshorterversion.pdf

Feigelman, W., Gorman, B., Chastain-Beal, K., & Jordan, J. (2008). Internet support groups for suicide survivors: A new mode for gaining bereavement assistance. Omega, 57, 217-243.  Retrieved from http://www3.ncc.edu/faculty/soc/feigelb/internetsupportgroup.pdf

Forde, S., & Devaney, C. (2006). Postvention: A community-based family support initiative and model of responding to tragic events, including suicide. Child Care in Practice, 12, 53-61.

Freeman, S. J. (1991). Group facilitation of the grieving process with those bereaved by suicide. Journal of Counseling and Development, 69, 328-331.

Hoffman, W. A. (2008). Telematic technologies in mental health caring: A web-based psychoeducational program for adolescent suicide survivors. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 27, 461-474.

Hogan, N. S., & Schmidt, L. A. (2003). Testing the grief to personal growth model using structural equation modelling. Death Studies, 26, 615-634.

Hopmeyer, E., & Werk, A. (1994). A comparative study of family bereavement groups. Death Studies, 18, 243-256.

Jordan, J. R. (2008). Bereavement after suicide. Psychiatric Annals, 38, 679-685.

Jordan, J., & McMenamy, J. (2004). Interventions for suicide survivors: A review of the literature. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 34, 337-349.

Juhnke, G. A. & Shoffner, M. F. (1999). The family debriefing model: An adapted critical incidence stress debriefing for parents and older sibling suicide survivors. The Family Journal, 7, 342-348.

Kaslow, N., & Gilman Aronson, S. (2004). Recommendations for family interventions following a suicide. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice. 35, 240-247.

Kato, P., & Mann, T. (1999). A synthesis of psychological interventions for the bereaved.Clinical Psychology Review, 19, 275-296.

Katz, L. E. (1990). Suicide healed: The experience of group therapy for survivors of suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51, 2063-B. (UMI No. DA 9024697). 

Krysinska, K. & Andriessen, K. (2010). On-line support and resources for people bereaved through suicide: What is available? Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 40, 640-650.

Levi, Y., Weinberg, S., & Nadjar, R. (2011). Support groups for suicide survivors: Self regulation and social support as mediating the effect of recovery. European Psychiatry, 26(Supplement 1), 1626. [Abstracts of the 19th European Congress of Psychiatry]

Martin, M., Martin, D., Barrett-Kruse, C., & Waterstreet, D. (1988). A community response to an adolescent suicide. The School Counselor, 35, 204-209.

McDaid, C., Trowman, R., Golder, S., Hawton, K., & Sowden, A. (2008). Interventions for people bereaved through suicide: Systematic review. British Journal of Psychiatry, 193(6), 438-443. doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.107.040824

McDougal, K. B. (1986). Attribution of responsibility: Community attitudes toward survivors of suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 46, 2788B-2789B.

Mitchell, A. M., Gale, D. D., Garand, L., & Wesner, S. (2003). The use of narrative data to inform the psychotherapeutic group process with suicide survivors. Issues in Mental Health Nursing. 24(1), 91-106.

Mitchell, A. M., Wesner, S., Garand, L., Gale, D. D., Havill, A. & Brownson, L. (2007). A support group intervention for children bereaved by parental suicide. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing, 20, 3-13.

Molock, S., Matlin, S., Barksdale, C., Puri, R. & Lyles, J. (2008) Developing suicide prevention programs for African American youth in African American churches. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 38, 323-333.

Murphy, S. A., Baugher, R., Lohan, J., Scheideman, J., Heerwagen, J., Johnson, L. C., & ... Grover, M. C. (1996). Parents' evaluation of a preventive intervention following the sudden, violent deaths of their children. Death Studies, 20, 453-468.

Murphy, S. A., Johnson, C., Cain, K. C., Gupta, A. D., Dimond, M., Lohan, J., & Baugher, R. (1998). Broad-spectrum group treatment for parents bereaved by the violent deaths of their 12- to 28-year.. Death Studies, 22, 209-235.

Pietila, M. (2002). Support groups: A psychological or social device for suicide bereavement? British Journal of Guidance and Counselling, 30, 401-414.

Rosowsky, E. (1993). Suicidal behavior in the nursing home and a postsuicide intervention. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 47, 127-142.

Saffer, J. B. (1986). Group therapy with friends of an adolescent suicide. Adolescence, 21, 743-745.

Scocco, P., Frasson, A., Costacurta, A., & Pavan, L. (2006). SOPRoxi: A research-intervention project for suicide survivors. Crisis, 27, 39-41.

Sills, C., Clarkson, P., & Evans, R. (1988). Systemic integrative psychotherapy with a young bereaved girl. Transactional Analysis Journal, 18, 102-109.

Szumilas, M., & Kutcher, S. (2011). Post-suicide intervention programs: a systematic review. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 102(1), 18-29.

Tekavcic-Grad, O., & Zavasnik, A. (1992). Aggression as a natural part of suicide bereavement. Crisis, 13, 65-69.

Trolley, B. C. (1993). Kaleidoscope of aid for parents whose child died by suicidal and sudden, non-suicidal means. Omega, 27, 239-250

Watson, S. L. (1992). The grief process of suicide survivors: A study of the effectiveness of psychotherapy and support group interventions. Dissertation Abstracts International, 53, 1620B. (UMI No. DA9213580).

Watson, W. L., & Lee, D. (1993). Is there life after suicide? The systemic belief approach for “survivors of suicide.” Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 7, 37-43.

Wrobleski, A. (1987, Spring). Mutual help groups for those bereaved by suicide. Bereavement Care, 6, 2-3.


Andriessen, K., Beautrais, A., Grad, O., Brockmann, E. & Simkin, S. (2007). Current understandings of survivor issues: research, practice and plans. Crisis, 28, 211-213.

Dyregrov, K. (2004). Bereaved parents’ experience of research participation. Social Science & Medicine, 58, 391-400.

Dyregrov, K., Dieserud, G., Straiton, M., Rasmussen, M., Hjelmeland, H., Knizek, B., & Leenaars, A. (2010). Motivation for research participation among people bereaved by suicide. Omega, 62, 149-168. 

Dyregrov, K., Dieserud, G., Rasmussen, M., Straiton, M., Hjelmeland, H., Knizek, B., & Leenaars, A. (in press). Meaning making through psychological autopsy interviews. The value of participating in qualitative research for those bereaved by suicide. Death Studies.

Ellenbogen, S. & Gratton, F. (2001). Do they suffer more? Reflections on research comparing suicide survivors to other survivors. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 31, 83-90.

Jordan, J. R. (2001). Is suicide bereavement different? A reassessment of the literature. Suicide and Life- Threatening Behavior 31, 91-102.

McIntosh, J. L. (1993). Control group studies of suicide survivors: A review and critique. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 23, 146-161.

Ness, D. E., & Pfeffer, C. R. (1990). Sequelae of bereavement resulting from suicide. American Journal of Psychiatry, 147, 279-285.

Rudestam, K. E. (1992). Research contributions to understanding the suicide survivor. Crisis, 13, 41-46.

Sveen, C., & Walby, F. A. (2008). Suicide survivors' mental health and grief reactions: A systematic review of controlled studies. Suicide & Life-Threatening Behavior, 38, 13-29.

Trolley, B. C. (1986). Suicide parents and sudden death parents: The grief process, the nature of help, the role of the professional, and methodological issues. Dissertation Abstracts International, 46, 2449B-2450B. (UMI No. DA8518780).

Van der Wal, J. (1989-90). The aftermath of suicide: A review of empirical evidence. Omega, 20, 149-171.

Walter, T. (1996). A new model of grief: Bereavement and biography. Mortality, 1, 7-25.

Wrobleski, A., & McIntosh, J. (1987). Problems of suicide survivors: A survey report. Israel Journal of Psychiatry and Related Sciences, 24, 137-142.


Alexander, V. (1991). Grief after suicide: Giving voice to the loss. Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 24, 277-291.

Anderson, D. B. (1991). Never too late: Resolving the grief of suicide. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing, 29(3), 29-31.                 

Andriessen, K. (2005). A reflection on ‘suicide survivor’. Crisis, 26, 38-39.

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12/07/2016 at 12:48 PM
Vanessa Trupiano
I'm putting together a proposal to begin a LOSS team program in Portland, OR. I found a thesis siting Dr. Campbell's recent research dated in 2015, but she misses in providing the full citation in the references. I don't see it listed here, but is there a way someone could help me figure out the name to his research??
10/28/2015 at 8:11 PM
shona charteris
Great website. I would have loved to here your dissertation Lillian. You remind me of myself and the hunger to understand what really happened. Take care and keep sharing. xx
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