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Communication Disorders

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Research articles:

Conradi, E. (1912). Communications and discussions. Speech defects and intellectual progress. Journal of Educational Psychology, 3(1), 35-38. doi:10.1037/h0074582

Discusses the effect of speech defects on the intellectual growth of a child. Stuttering and stammering do not necessarily imply mental weakness, yet a child's mental development may be seriously, and often permanently, impaired due to defective speech. Such children are slow to express themselves. Studies by H. Gutzmann and by Westergaard show that these children lag behind in school on account of sensitiveness with regard to their trouble and not due to any mental inferiority. If the speech defect is cured, they progress rapidly. Stuttering is often accompanied by great psychic depression which also interferes with proper mental development, and may even lead to suicide if the speech defect persists up to the age of adolescence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

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