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Adjustment Disorders

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Research articles:

de Leo, D., Pellegrini, C., & Serraiotto, L. (1986). Adjustment disorders and suicidality. Psychological Reports, 59(2, Pt 1), 355-358. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.

Administered a suicide-risk self-rating scale and a rating scale for the severity of suicidal manifestations (a modified version of the Beck Suicide Intent Scale) to 43 persons (mean age 36.21 yrs) admitted to a hospital for suicide attempts. Ss were classified into 7 psychiatric categories according to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III) criteria. Findings show that the rating scales showed good concordance in identifying the adjustment disorder group as less dangerous for the seriousness of the attempt. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Kryzhanovskaya, L., & Canterbury, R. (2001). Suicidal behavior in patients with adjustment disorders. Crisis, 22(3), 125-131. doi:10.1027//0227-5910.22.3.125

Characterized suicidal behavior in 119 16-50 yr old patients with Axis I adjustment disorders in a retrospective study of patients assessed by psychiatrists at the University of Virginia Hospital. Results indicate that 60.5% of patients had documented suicide attempts in the past, 96% had been suicidal during their admission to the hospital, and 50% had attempted suicide before their hospitalization. The most commonly used method of suicide attempts was overdosing. Of the sample group with suicide attempts in the past, 67% had Axis II diagnoses of borderline personality disorder and antisocial personality disorder. Adjustment disorder diagnosis in patients with the suicide attempts was associated with a high level of suicidality at admission, involuntary hospitalization and substance-abuse disorders. Axis II diagnoses in patients with adjustment disorders constituted risk factors for further suicidal behavior. Additional future prospective studies with reliability checks on diagnosis of adjustment disorders and suicidal behavior are recommended. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

Pelkonen, M., Marttunen, M., Henriksson, M., & Lönnqvist, J. (2005). Suicidality in adjustment disorder. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 14(3), 174-180. doi:10.1007/s00787-005-0457-8

Presents a study which examined background, psychopathology and treatment-related factors among suicidal adolescent adjustment disorder outpatients. Methodology; Results; Discussion.

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